↻ Updated: February 18th, 2020 by JPE
This world will continue to exist and will be peopled forever. This article seeks to expound on the continuance of the human race here on earth forever and the nature of our hopelessness in the next life, including our natural fear of the unknown. It also touches on the final state of the believers of Christ known as the church, their resurrection; the millennium, the Holy City, the Old Testament saints and the life on earth after the establishment of Christ kingdom for 1,000 years. There will be people on this planet earth forever, and the following scripture is one of our supporting verses:
The smallest one will become a clan, And the least one a mighty nation. Isa. 60:22
Power of Fear and the Hope of Our Eternal State
The truth about dying and leaving our loved ones forever hurts us and pierces our inner being. That is why we don’t like those topics which would discuss the idea of our passing away. “I don’t want to count my days,” said someone, “lest I would die in fear.” Death is indeed the “king of terrors.” (Job 18:12-14)
But we just don’t understand that according to the Scriptures there will be people inhabiting the earth forever. God indeed has many awesome plans for us that we just don’t know.
Why are we so afraid most of the time about the truth that both this world and this life are God’s, and that we’re just mere stewards—not owners!—of all that we have? Is it because of our natural fear of the unknown world of which death belongs? Cancer patients, for example, have various responses in seeing their certain demise, depending on their knowledge concerning the next life and their faith in God. Without hope of eternal life, man’s natural propensity is to be enslaved by death’s “power of fear.” (Heb. 2:15) Hence, a little Bible knowledge about our eternal state (even including the peopling of the earth forever!) offers a big difference in our inner peace and joy as compared with those who are totally blind about what will happen to them in the next life.
The Holy Bible says that our natural fear of death is enslaving us all our lives. It is besetting us even in our most secure state. Great minds have been pursuing on this subject and the promised life beyond the grave for thousands of years. The result was the invention of thousands of gods, followed by the development of various forms of religion, culture, and civilization. The truth, however, remains that there will be people on earth forever. A little education and faith in God’s word concerning His eternal plans for us is one best option to conquer our fear of death and the unknown.
The Ancient Egyptians
The ancient Egyptians, for example, believe in the preservation of the body as a requirement to immortality. Such a superstition has led them to carefully mummify their dead before placing them in rock-hewn tombs or a huge pyramid. Endless rebirth or the process known as reincarnation has led the Hindus to do good works in order not to be reborn as an animal or an insect. Wrote Boettner: “In the ancient Greek religion . . . . [a] silver coin was placed in the mouth of the corpse to pay his fare across the mystic river . . . . In China and Japan belief in immortality took the form of ancestor worship . . . . The American Indians placed within the grave of the departed one his bow and arrows, and sometimes his pony, that he might have these when he reached the happy hunting ground.” 1 All these beliefs are the fruit of man’s endless quest for the meaning of his immortality.
Battle with the Enemy Called Death
Man’s inquiry about the meaning of death is an investigation for a certain prized wisdom as his imminent departure from this world is an integral part of his life of which the whole essence he always desires to dig. Billy Graham wrote that “If we are in a battle with this enemy called Death, I believe we should learn about it, in order to know how to confront the dying experience. We need to know how to face that enemy on our own behalf, and how to deal with the inevitable deaths of loved ones and friends.” 2
Understanding the Eternal State and the Peopling of the Earth Forever
True and sure, death must be thoroughly understood if we want substantial relief from the power of fear it brings persistently into our hearts.
In the eternal state, God said that “The smallest one will become a clan, And the least one a mighty nation.” Those people who won’t be part of the First Resurrection and will survive the Great Tribulation will continue to live after the 1,000 years reign of Christ. As such, the peopling of the earth forever will take place in the eternal state as a fulfillment of the prophecy that “the least one will become a mighty nation.”
The Intermediate State
Our life after death and before the resurrection of our bodies at the Second Coming as promised by Christ is known as the intermediate state. The Catholics teach purgatory, but such a doctrine cannot be proven in Scripture as it is written in Apocrypha or the spurious writings after Malachi where there was no prophet of Israel. The Lord Jesus did not mention these books as clearly shown in Luke 24 and verses 27, 44 to 46.
Soul sleep (and with its companion doctrine known as the annihilation of souls at the final judgment) is taught by the Jehovah’s Witness, the Seventh-day Adventist, among others as man’s intermediate state. 3 Some others taught about the so-called dreamy or semiconscious state. As they are not biblical, so let’s spend our time with what is taught in Scripture.
How Do We Reconcile Them?
We have a difficulty we want to be clarified about man’s final state after the Millennium. Our thesis is that first, the earth will be renovated and not utterly destroyed because God did not create it to be a waste place, but to be inhabited forever (cf. Isa. 45:17,18). Second, Christ’s kingdom on earth is everlasting (cf. Luke 1:31-32; Isa 9:7). Third, there will be immortal people on earth, the Jewish and the Gentile Nations, and that lastly, the resurrected saints who will have immortal bodies will reign with Christ forever. (cf. Rev. 22:5; 21:24-26; Dan. 7:27) Those who spiritualize what we treat here to be of literal interpretation will find the above thesis incomprehensible. Another problem are the following biblical thoughts: a) all things will pass away; b) all things will no longer be remembered; c) the earth will be melted with intense heat; d) “then comes the end,” etc. How do we reconcile them?
The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus
Christ’s parable about the rich man and Lazarus is a good foundation in tackling this important teaching about man’s life in the other world (cf. Luke 16:19-31).
In this parable, we find the great beyond as no different from our life today as both the rich man and Lazarus spoke, saw and remembered everything just like when they were still alive here on earth. If so, how is the next life better or worse?
In the intermediate state, we won’t be having bodies until the resurrection. Yet it would be far far better a life for the saved ones through faith in Christ’s atoning blood. Why, for it would then be a life of perfect togetherness with our dear Lord Jesus as what He promised us in John 17:24:
Bewitched by his abundance, the rich man in the parable lost his soul and was tormented in the flames; a conscious experience of suffering and an intentional devising of a plan to assuage his pain by requesting for the impossible—for Lazarus’s assistance. But then father Abraham said, “Child, remember that during your life you received your good things, and likewise Lazarus bad things; but now he is being comforted here, and you are in agony.” Lazarus was comforted from his life as a beggar who was full of sores. Both paradise and hell, as future dwelling places in the intermediate state, are insinuated in the story. For the unsaved soul, he will be tormented in the flames of Hades; afterward, he will be resurrected for both his body and soul to be cast into the lake of fire.
“Do not fear those who kill the body,” warned our Lord Jesus, “but are unable to kill the soul; but rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell . . . . an hour is coming, in which all who are in the tombs will hear . . . to a resurrection of judgment” (Matt. 10:28-29; John 5:28-29).
The Experience of Paul
The apostle Paul experienced the intermediate state of born-again believers for a little while, for which he wrote: “[But] I will go on to visions and revelations of the Lord. I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago . . . such a man was caught up to the third heaven . . . . whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows—was caught up into Paradise and heard inexpressible words, which a man is not permitted to speak” (2 Cor. 12:1-4).
From such an experience, Paul wrote that he is willing to die, for he preferred “rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord.” He also said that “I am hard-pressed from both directions, having the desire to depart and be with Christ, for that is very much better.” (2 Cor. 5:8, Phil. 1:23)
Death, for believers, said Paul, “is very much better.” Hence, he wrote that, “For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain” (Phil. 1:21). Death is gain, and there’s nothing to fear about if you are in Christ Jesus.
Serve Him in the Next Life
In the intermediate state, we will continue to serve Jesus our Lord. “Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on! ‘Yes,’ says the Spirit, ‘so that they may rest from their labors, for their deeds follow with them.’” (Rev. 14:13) Rest here means we will be satisfied and happy with our works in the intermediate state. Our Lord said that until now the Father is working (cf. John 5:17) It is never the plan of God to let us do nothing in the second life. “For this reason, they are before the throne of God; and they serve Him day and night in His temple; and He who sits on the throne will spread His tabernacle over them.” (Rev. 7:15)
The other matter we followers of Christ need to know after death is our preparation for our settled workload which is to become “kings and priests unto God.” (Rev. 1:6 KJV) Hence, in this life, we are trained and disciplined by God “for our good, so that we may share His holiness.” (Heb. 12:10) In the Book of Revelation, we found all residents in heaven doing many things, even John himself was continually being monitored to write what he saw. “You were faithful with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.” (Matt. 25:21)
Stages of Life
Observed Boettner that the saved ones will undergo three stages of existence, viz., the present life, the intermediate state, and the final and eternal state, the resurrection of the body; whereas, the unbelievers will have this life, then the conscious suffering in the intermediate state, and the final and permanent suffering in the resurrection and the judgment. 4
There are three kinds of people who will have their respective final states: first, the unsaved ones or the wicked; second, those who will become part of the first resurrection, and third, those post-Millennium immortal people on earth. That is why we say that there will be people on earth forever. It would certainly be a renovated earth though—to be peopled forever!
The Wicked Ones
The wicked ones will be resurrected after the Millennium, but only to be cast into the lake of fire. (cf. Rev. 20:5; 11-15) Christ said that we must “fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.” Hell judgment is excruciating as it requires both soul and body to undergo eternal punishment. Those of the liberal persuasion are not happy with this truth, as they think we would be making God “cruel” or bloodthirsty. But God has spoken that the wages of sin is death, and that the free gift of God is eternal life but only through faith in Christ Jesus our only Lord and Savior. (Rom. 6:23) Yes, they cannot accept God’s justice system to those who trample underfoot the blood of Christ through rejection and unbelief. God used the phrase “dust of the earth shall awake” and “all who are in the tombs will hear His voice” to indicate not just spiritual but physical torments as well to the unsaved. (cf. Dan. 12:2; John 5:28)
The First Resurrection Saints
The word saint, instead of church, is used after Chapter 3 of the Book of Revelation for those having part of the first resurrection also include the Old Testament Saints, the Tribulation Saints, and not just the ruptured Church. Wrote Walvoord “that saints of all ages will be in the heavenly Jerusalem. The inhabitants of the heavenly city are itemized as an innumerable company of angels, the church, God, Jesus, the Mediator, and the spirits of just men made perfect, the latter designation seemingly referring to all Old Testament saints.” 5
There is special blessedness to those who have part of the first resurrection. The apostle Paul’s sufferings as a result of his losing all worldly possessions he had for the sake of Christ was motivated by his passion to “attain to the resurrection from the dead.” ( Phil. 3:7-11) Christ Himself stressed the doctrine of the resurrection by commanding dead Lazarus to come forth after telling Martha about His deity.
The first resurrection saints are those redeemed by the blood of the Lamb. Their number is fixed because they have a special role in Christ’s kingdom here on earth (there will be Christ’s kingdom on earth forever, not just the 1,000 years reign – Rev. 5:10; 2 Sam. 7:16; Isa. 60:21-22; Daniel 7:27) that is to be priests and kings of God and to reign with Christ. (cf. Rev. 1:6, 20:4-6) This promise was not given to the earthly people during and after the Millennium. Even the apostle Paul understands our role in the afterlife when he said, “Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? . . Do you not know that we will judge angels? (1 Cor 6:2-3) Christ also hinted our future reign on earth with Him in the Gospel according to Luke when He said that we would “be in authority over ten cities.” (Luke 19:17,19)
I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me will live even if he dies, and everyone who lives and believes in Me will never die. Do you believe this? (John 11:25-26)
The Final State
In the final state, the saints will live in the heavenly Jerusalem, the Holy City, which will be suspended between the New Heaven and the New Earth. (cf. Rev. 21:1-2) It is the same dwelling place promised by Christ in John 14, for the Saints will have only one place in which to stay and base their activities in God’s kingdom business, although they will be free to roam the universe consistent with Christ’s promise that “where I am, there you may be also.” (John 14:3c) The Saints will be serving the Lamb of God and the Father forever (cf. Rev. 22:5). In that age, we will “neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.” (Matt. 22:30; 25:31) The post-Millennium earthly people [those who will people earth forever!] won’t enjoy the same state of the Saints.
They will possess the land forever,
The branch of My planting,
The work of My hands,
That I may be glorified.
The smallest one will become a clan,
And the least one a mighty nation.
I, the Lord, will hasten it in its time.
The Holy City
The reason why the Holy City, the abode of the saints, came down out of heaven and stayed close to earth is given in Revelation 21:3-4: “the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them.” Only the saints, who are also the priests of God, can enter the tabernacle as shown in God’s commands to Moses concerning the priests and the tabernacle. (cf. Heb. 9:6-12) The people of God (cf. Rev. 21:3-4) whom He will give comfort and immortality will be the ones peopling the earth forever. Yes, the earth will be peopled forever! The term used for the resurrected saints is bond-servants (NASB), for they will be serving God. (cf. Rev. 7:15) Like Moses, they will shine as stars of heaven as they will be seeing God’s face. They will all have a peculiar look, fitting as God’s priests since the name of God will be on their foreheads. It is needed, I would think, in the administration of the endless kingdom of God on earth, they being appointed as His servants in His kingdom’s government.
There will no longer be any curse, and the throne of God and the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him; they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads . . . . the Lord God will illumine them, and they will reign forever and ever. (Rev. 22:3-5)
In Revelation 21:24-25, we find only the kings of the nations after the Millennium “will bring their glory into” the heavenly Jerusalem, not the entire group of nations: “The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it” (Rev. 21:24-26) Opined Thiessen that it might be referred to their worship, praise and thanksgiving that will be “brought” into the Holy City. This will be the fulfillment of Daniel 7:27: “Then the sovereignty, the dominion and the greatness of all the kingdoms under the whole heaven will be given to the people of the saints of the Highest One; His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all the dominions will serve and obey Him.”
The comingling issue of the resurrected saints and the non-resurrected immortal people on earth is solved by the argument, as used by Dr. Walvoord, 6 that Christ, after His resurrection, found no problem mingling with His disciples.
The resurrected saints (comprising the the Old Testament saints and the saved born-again Christians of all ages after Christ’s birth) will be comingling with the people of the earth forever.
The Post-Millennium People on Earth
Therre is so much problem after the Millennium as to the state of the people who will survive the Great Tribulation and the 1000-years reign of Christ. The Bible teaches that there will be people on earth forever, for the earth was created to be inhabited and not as a waste place. (cf. Isa. 45:17-18)
What will God do to the immortal people on earth in the final state? He “will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.’”
We need to understand first of all, for a better perspective of the post-Millennium people, that the kingdom of Christ on earth is an everlasting kingdom. And the reign of Christ together with the saints is an everlasting reign.
The sovereignty and power to rule is given to “the people of the saints of the Highest One,” or to His resurrected saints, and all dominions will obey our Lord forever, for His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom. By the nature of its endlessness, there would be people upon the face of the earth forever. (cf. Isa. 9:7, Luke 1:31-34; Dan. 7:27)
There will be people upon earth forever, and that is the most satisfying answer to the question: “What will happen to the post-tribulation and the post-Millenium people?”
The Kingdom of God on Earth Forever
The apostle Paul said that we “[give] no offense either to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God.” (1 Cor. 3:32) Three kinds of people are being treated in the proper understanding of the kingdom of God, viz., the Jews, the Greeks or the Gentile Nations, and the Church or the first resurrection Saints. The eternal kingdom of God on earth during the post-Millennium dispensation includes all the three kinds of people having distinct roles, the Jews being the nucleus of the kingdom, the nations, the subjects, and the saints, the servants of God who will reign the kingdom with Christ. After the 1000-years reign of Christ, the kingdom of God upon earth will assume a certain form of perfection and permanence.
It is clear in Luke 1:32-33 that Christ will reign over the house of Jacob forever (meaning house of Jacob on earth forever!) and “His kingdom will have no end.” (See: Isa. 9:7) It is easy to grasp the post-Millennium state if we take Christ eternal reign on earth literally.
Wrote J. Dwight Pentecost, quoting Ladd, that the use of the word “kingdom, basileia, is ‘reign’ rather than ‘realm’ or ‘people.’” 7
I noticed ample intellectualism invested into this subject of the eternal kingdom of God on earth. The affirmation of God’s word, however, that Christ will reign on earth forever is a good foundation for understanding our final state after the Millennium.
The term kingdom of God and kingdom of Heaven, are interchangeably used as observed by Bloomfield in spite of the teachings that they are different. (cf. Matt 4:17; Mark 1:14-15; Matt 5:3; Luke 6:20, Matt 19:14; Mark 10:14) The church or the saints (including the Old Testament saints), the Jews and the Nations are the elements of the kingdom.
All Israelites who will be resurrected during the first resurrection are saints of God who will reign with Christ. The Jewish nation who will be saved by Christ (cf. Rom. 11:26-27) during their greatest trial will remain as an earthly people occupying the land promised them and lived peacefully with the nations. They will live on earth forever. They will form the nucleus of the eternal kingdom since the kingdom of David will be revived (cf. 2 Sam. 7:10,12-13; Luke 1:32,33) and since it will be, to use Bloomfield, “Israelitish” (cf. Jer. 23:3-8). There will be people on earth forever with the Jewish nation at the core of the populace.
The Gentile Nations, who will survive the great tribulation, will be forced to worship Christ during the Millennium. Unsaved, they will be ruled with a rod of iron and be compelled to worship our Lord, otherwise, there will be no rain on them (cf. Ps. 2:7-9; Matt. 25:31; Micah 4:1-3; Zech. 14:16-19). They will be the subjects of the kingdom. To sift those found worthy, Satan will be released after the Millennium. (cf. Rev. 20:7-10; Matt. 25:31-46) Hence, those who will people the earth forever will be saved people.
The common exegesis of the eternal state is the merging of the nations with the saints in order to forge a conclusion that God will be “all in all” and that all things will have to be made new, remembering the old things no more. (We maintain that there will be a commingling, not merging, of the post-millennium people and the first resurrection saints—the kings and priests of God). Many prophecies however, of the final state will be left unfulfilled with the above teaching such as found in Isaiah 45:17-18, Luke 1:31-32, etc. (See Isa. 9:7, Rev. 22:5; 21:24-26; Dan 7:27)
The Church or the Saints
Those who will attain to the first resurrection will be called saints and will be rulers of the kingdom. They are formed in heaven, wrote Bloomfield, and growing as there will be people who will be saved through the preaching of the gospel. They are a kingdom that will come down from heaven. (Rev. 1:6 NASB) “In that sense,” added Bloomfield, “the church is the kingdom, and only those redeemed by the blood of Christ may enter this kingdom.” “[Unless] one is born again,” said Christ, “he cannot see the kingdom of God.” (John 3:3)
All the interpretations suggested as to the meaning of the kingdom of God may be summed up by this one: “It is the kingdom of David because the Son of David will reign on earth forever. It is the kingdom of God because it is the workmanship of God. It is the kingdom of heaven because it comes down from heaven.” 8
After the Millennium
The eternal state presents some questions given the scarcity of clues we have from the Scriptures. Second, there are various views and all of them supplied with proof texts. Our thesis remains gathered on Christ’s Eternal Kingdom on earth. (Luke 1:32-33; Isa. 9:7) Thus, the eternal peopling of the earth is a logical teaching given the indestructible nature of our Lord’s government. “In the days of those kings,” wrote Daniel, “the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever.” (Dan. 2:44)
The new earth will be the renovated old earth since Christ redeemed it too, just as He saved the sinners from the devil’s domain.” (For the Redemption of the Earth, see: Rev. 5:4-5, Rev. 11:15) When God created the world He said it was good; He didn’t create it as “a waste place.” Wrote the prophet Isaiah: “For thus says the Lord, who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it and did not create it a waste place, but formed it to be inhabited).” (Isa. 45:18) The earth was formed to be inhabited. During the Tribulation, “every island fled away, and the mountains were not found,” (Rev. 16:20) but no record that the earth became uninhabitable since there were people on the earth and “men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, because its plague was extremely severe.” (Rev. 16:21) After the Great Tribulation, which precedes the 1000-year reign of Christ upon earth, there will be people who will survive the wrath of God and the purging of the earth. “Unless those days had been cut short, no life would have been saved; but for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short.” (Matt. 24:22)
In Isaiah 60, for another proof, we find that the people possessed the earth forever and that the “smallest one will become a clan, And the least one a mighty nation” (Isa. 60:20-22). This is consistent with Isaiah 9:7 where it says that “There will be no end to the increase of His government . . . over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it . . . From then on and forevermore.” If you advocate the melting of the earth as equivalent to destroying it, then where shall you place this ever-increasing people, each one of whom will become a mighty nation?
As mentioned, the born-again Christians, the Old Testament Saints, and the Tribulation Saints will become partakers of the First Resurrection. The will not people earth but occupy the New Jerusalem to help administer Christ’s Kingdom on the new earth as priests and kings. (Rev. 5:10) Hence, Christ taught “that where I am, there you may be also.” The New Jerusalem will come out of the new heaven, suspended above the earth like a 1,500-mile bejeweled cube. It would be the fulfillment of Christ’s “I go to prepare a place for you.” (John 14:2)
With this teaching, Revelation 21:22-26 makes sense:
These Scripture supports the teaching that the New Jerusalem will stay above the new earth to give off its light to the earthly people (the nations) acting like the sun. The leaders of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church taught that the New Jerusalem would land on top of the Mount of Olives, but the Bible does not teach that. Jesus taught that no one “light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house.” (Matt. 5:15) The New Jerusalem where the Father and the Son would be “the Temple, the Light, and the Lamp” there would illumine the whole earth. There will be no night in the eternal state.
“The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it.” (Rev. 21:24-26)
In 1 Corinthians 15:23-28, Paul wrote that “each in his own order . . . then comes the end . . . . When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all.” The word “end” does not mean the destruction or the end of the earth or of all the people on earth. It rather means the end of the process of preparing the kingdom of God, and the 1000-years reign being the cleansing and preparation stage for the kingdom to assume perfection after the Millennium. That is why Satan is going to be released at the end of the thousand years.
The phrase “so that God may be all in all” means that the Trinity, to borrow from Bloomfield, loses its meaning after the Millennium, the process of the redemption of man being over.
There will be countless people on earth forever whom we, the saints of God in Christ, will be administering together with our Lord Jesus after the Millennium. (cf. Rev. 22:5, Dan. 7:27) Our final state as Christians will be that of a ruler and judge who will have immortal bodies, just like our Lord Jesus, heirs and children of God in Christ, our beloved Savior.
The earth will be peopled forever by the post-Millennium earthly people; whereas the saints of God namely, the church, the old testament, and the tribulation saints will take the helm of government [with Christ as King] in Christ never-ending kingdom on earth.
There Will be People on Earth Forever!
In Revelation 21:24-25, we find only the kings of the nations after the Millennium “will bring their glory into” the heavenly Jerusalem, not the entire group of nations: “The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it.” (Rev. 21:24-26)
1 Loraine Boettner, Immortality (Phillipsburg, New Jersy: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1956), pp. 63-64
2 Billy Graham, Facing Death and the Life After (Waco, Texas: World Books Publisher, 1987), p.1
3 Loraine Boettner, Immortality (Phillipsburg, New Jersy: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1956), p.117
4 Ibid. p.96
5 John F. Walvoord, The Millennial Kingdom (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1959), 329-330
6 Ibid. p.330
7 J. Dwight Pentecost, Things to Come (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1958 (Published by special arrangement – Metro Manila, Philippines: OMF Literature Inc., 1992)), p.429
8 Arthur E. Bloomfield, Before the Last Battle—Armageddon (Minnesota: Bethany House Publishers, 1971), p.39